The working principle of Mecanum wheel
Mecanum Wheel working principle
This omnidirectional movement is based on the principle of a central wheel with many axles located around the wheel. These angled peripheral axles convert part of the wheel steering force to a normal force of the wheel. Depending on the direction and speed of the respective wheels, the final synthesis of these forces generates a resultant force vector in any required direction, thereby ensuring that the platform can move freely in the direction of the final resultant force vector without changing the direction of the wheel itself . There are many small rollers diagonally distributed on its rim, so the wheel can slide laterally. The busbar of the small roller is very special. When the wheel rotates around a fixed wheel mandrel, the envelope of each small roller is a cylindrical surface, so the wheel can continuously roll forward. Mecanum wheels have a compact structure and flexible movement, which is a very successful all-round wheel. There are four such new wheels combined, which can be more flexible and convenient to achieve all-round movement function.
The omnidirectional motion equipment based on Mecanum wheel technology can realize forward movement, lateral movement, oblique movement, rotation and combinations of such movement modes. The omnidirectional forklift and omnidirectional transportation platform developed on this basis are very suitable for ships with limited transfer space and narrow working aisles, and have obvious effects in improving ship support efficiency, increasing ship space utilization, and reducing labor costs .